Biotechnology is any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use”.The vast application of biotechnology can be seen in food, medical and agricultural industries.
Various types of vegetables, fruits and crops are clear signs of this field. Production of the different kinds of dairy products and beverages are miracles of biotechnology. Now, we can save our food for months and years because of biotechnology. By the help of hybridization techniques, new animals are created to obtain milk and meat. Nutritious food items are being developed, which is more beneficial for the health.
Medical and Pharmaceutical Industry
New pharmaceutical drugs and medicines are coming in the markets, which are serving patients with more efficiency.
Insulin, thyroxine and all other human hormones are easily available for the use because of biotechnology. Gene therapy is a latest way to replace wrong genes in the body. Production of a factor VIII blood clotting protein for hemophiliacs is a clear example of the gene therapy. Transplantation of organs is a greatest marvel of biotechnology.
New crops are being produced, which give more productivity in less time and area. By using different breeding techniques, new plants and fruits are being produced. The utilization of biological techniques to kill pests and other harmful herbs for crops is becoming popular.
Nowadays, biotechnology is used in mining industry to obtain different minerals like getting pure cooper from copper sulfate (CuSO4) by help of different bacteria.
Techniques of cloning have produced many doubts and ambiguities. This is an alarming situation that scientists will be able to produce a human from a human cell. Lots of religious and moral problems come in this matter. So, this issue has created a question mark for this beneficial field of science.