Dialectical Behavior Therapy (others call it Dialectical Behavioral Therapy) is a treatment pioneered by Marsha Linehan, PhD, in 1991. It is a cognitive behavioral treatment which combines cognitive-behavioral theory and methods with eastern meditative principles and practices. Dialectical Behavior therapy was developed by psychologist Marsha Linehan.
Who Benefits from DBT Skills Training?
DBT can be useful for Borderline Personality Disorder, Substance Abuse, self-injury, Bulimia, and Binge Eating Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, and depression.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training
Usually, DBT includes a combination of group skills training and individual psychotherapy. There are four main types of skills that are focus in DBT.
Mindfulness is cornerstone in DBT. Mindfulness is an open, accepting, non-judgmental awareness. It helps individuals for accepting and tolerating the strong emotions. Therefore mindfulness considered “core” skill, because is essential to implement the other DBT skills successfully. When you’re mindful, you observe your behaviors, emotions and thoughts from outside, without judging and labeling.
The goals of teaching mindfulness skills in Dialectical Behavior Therapy are:
Fully observing without judgment
Describing without judgmental statements
Participating in the activity with fully focus
Distress tolerance skill is an ability for accepting and tolerating painful events and emotions when, there is no way to solve the problem or get rid of the stressful situation.
Individuals who have low distress tolerance do self destructive behaviors for escaping from severe emotional pain. Self destructive behaviors destroy oneself, one’s family and causes emotional crisis for the long term. Self destructive behaviors include three categories:
1. Self harm.
2. Drug abuse.
There are four categories of distress tolerance skills in Dialectical Behavior Therapy:
3. Improving the moment.
4. Focusing on the pros and cons.
Distress tolerance skills help individuals for tolerating stressful situations and managing difficult emotional states without using Self destructive behaviors.
Individuals with borderline personality disorder, bipolar disorder and suicidal individuals suffer from uncontrolled emotions such as depression, mania, anger and anxiety. Learning to regulate our emotions enables us to manage our emotions instead of being managed by them.
Emotion Regulation skills include three stages:
understand what you’re feeling
reduce your vulnerability
Decrease emotional suffering.